Parabuthus liosoma (Ehrenberg, 1828)

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Common name: African Black Tipped Scorpion, Black Tipped Spitting Scorpion
Scientific Name: Parabuthus leiosoma
Range: Northern Africa and Middle East (Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Saudi Arabia, Yemen)
Type: Opportunistic Burrower
Communal: no
Full Grown Size: 3 1/2" (8-9cm)
Growth Rate: Medium
Temperature: 85-90F (26-32C)
Humidity: 50-60
Temperment: Aggressive
Speed: Fast!
Venom: 3 (some medical significance)
Diet: Young can eat Pinhead crickets, small roaches, meal worms. Adults can eat large crickets, roaches, super worms.
Housing: Adults Medium critter keeper, 2 gallon tank, or rubbermaid type container. Young can live in small critter keepers or large deli cups.
Substrate Depth/Type: 4" of sand or sand/coco-peat with rocks or hides. Sand should be wet down and allowed to dry to provide a stable burrowing substrait
More info: This species is said to be able to spray its venom like the Parabuthus tranvaalicus. As such, safety glasses should be worn to protect eyes. Its native habitate is arid/semi-arid grassland/savannah. Moderate humidity. Don't dig burrows, but use natural space/burrows under stones and other objects.

This species is formerly known as P. liosoma, but Fet et al. (2000) conclude that "leiosoma" is the original spelling. Acosta & Fet (2005) changed the name back to P. liosoma.

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